Themes and concepts that are essential to the proper understanding and practice of yoga are introduced briefly in early chapters of the Bhagavad-gītā; then in later chapters these same themes receive elaboration. This we have seen in particular with the principles of sāṅkhya (analysis) and dhyāna (meditation). Similarly, we have already been introduced to the notion of bhagavān (literally, the possessor of plenitude) in earlier chapters, and this notion is dramatically and graphically demonstrated to Arjuna in Chapter 11. Now again in this fifteenth chapter (or fifteenth discourse on yoga), attention is directed to bhagavān, here referred to as puruṣottama, the ultimate person, to fill out the notion of spirit-as-person in important ways.
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